Carbohydrates: Classification, Structures, Properties and functions of monosaccharides, polysaccharides, heteropolysaccharides

Carbohydrates: Classification, Structures, Properties and functions of monosaccharides, polysaccharides, heteropolysaccharides

January 5, 2022

Carbohydrates

  • Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones and their derivatives or as substances that yield one of these compounds on hydrolysis.
  • Most abundant biomolecules in the earth
  • Hydrates of Carbon
  • General formula, Cx(H2O)y or Cn(H2O)n
  • Also known as saccharides (sakcharon = sugar or sweetness) since many of the relatively small molecular weight have a sweet taste.
  • Plants are considerably richer in carbohydrates in comparison to the animals

Carbohydrates: Classification

  • Monosaccharides
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Polysaccharides 

Monosaccharides

  • All the aldoses are derived from three carbon sugar D- Glyceraldehydes which contains single asymmetric carbon thereby existed in two optical isomeric forms called enantiomers
  • All the ketoses are derived from Dihydroxyacetone which do not contain chiral center
  • All the natural monosaccharides are existed as D-isomer 

One response to “Carbohydrates: Classification, Structures, Properties and functions of monosaccharides, polysaccharides, heteropolysaccharides”

  1. […] Carbohydrates: Classification, Structures, Properties and functions of monosaccharides, polysacchari… […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *