Lytic and Lysogenic cycle of λ Bacteriophage and Regulation 

Lytic and Lysogenic cycle of λ Bacteriophage and Regulation 

February 18, 2022

Lytic and Lysogenic cycle of λ Bacteriophage and Regulation 

  • The lambda phage (family Siphoviridae), a temperate phage that uses K12 strain of E. coli as its host.
  • Lambda is a double-stranded DNA (48.5 kb) phage with an icosahedral head (55 nm diameter) and a long, noncontractile tail (175 nm) with a thin tail fiber at its end.
  • The genome is a linear DNA molecule with complementary cohesive ends (1nt) which help the linear genome to circularize immediately upon infection
  • Over 40 genes have been mapped on lambda phage chromosome, which are clustered according to their function with separate groups involved in lysogeny and its regulation, DNA replication, head synthesis, tail synthesis and cell lysis.
  • During infection, phage λ binds to the maltose receptor on surface of a bacterium and inject its genetic material into the bacterial cytoplasm.
  • The phage will then proceed along only one of two alternative life cycles
  • Lytic cycle
  • Lysogenic cycle

One response to “Lytic and Lysogenic cycle of λ Bacteriophage and Regulation ”

  1. […] Lambda phage vectors cosmid PPT provides detailed information on structural features of lambda phage vectors including insertion, replacement and cosmid vectors. To study life cycle of lambda bacteriophage life cycle click on Lytic and Lysogenic cycle of λ Bacteriophage and Regulation  […]

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